What’s a humanbeing in the post-digital age or post-post-digital age?

I get the inspiration from Deleuze, and also found this project of Stelarc.

Reference: ParaSite

So long as we think of the body as a given functional form, says Deleuze, we will not know what a body can do, what it is capable of.

In our opinion, the device, software and any future forms of digital products as AI, can be defined as humanbeings’ prosthesis. Which is A commonplace talk of an old scholar. And such inorganic, explored humanbeing, Deleuze described it as BwO, a body without organs.

To become a BwO is to destratify the body, to reconnect it with the intensive, impersonal, transhuman matter that composes and surrounds it, to open it up to new connections and assemblages, to explore the innumerable things it can do beyond the restricted set of habitual actions that characterize the organ-ized body.


Since a man was born, he started to own the relationship with family, with friends, with lovers and haters. In this kind of relationship, the one’s identity is covered or maybe packaged (I haven’t found a more accurate verb to describe), it’s packaged in an natural, original, naked body which is opposite to Deleuze’s body without organs. And in the present, as we all know, the public space has shifted to the digital world, a man inevitably owns more and more relationship with people online and also with device.

These relationships split one identity to several identities, the man generate various identities in devices.

It’s Getting Difficult, and Increasingly Controversial, to Authenticate “Real Humans”

There are three main ways of proving an identity. One involves something you know – like a password or your mother’s maiden name. This method assumes the authorized user will have information no unauthorized user does. But that’s not always the case: For 145.5 million Americans affected by the Equifax security breach revealed in September 2017, reams of previously private information may now be known to criminals.

A second method of authentication is with something you have – such as a key to your home’s front door or a smart card to swipe at work. This assumes a limited number of people – possibly as few as one, but it could be a small group of users, like a family or co-workers – are allowed to enter a physical space or use a digital service.

A third way is by authenticating the individual human being – who you are – with some aspect of your biology. There are various type of these biometrics, such as fingerprints, facial recognition, iris scanning and voiceprints. This strategy, of course, assumes that the bodily feature is unique to the particular individual – and, crucially, that the digital system involved can tell the difference between people.

Replika is the byproduct of a series of accidents. Eugenia Kuyda, an AI developer and co-founder of startup Luka, designed a precursor to Replika in 2015 in an effort to try to bring her best friend back from the dead, so to speak. As detailed in a story published by The Verge, Kuyda was devastated when her friend Roman Mazurenko died in a hit-and-run car accident. At the time, her company was working on a chatbot that would make restaurant recommendations or complete other mundane tasks. To render her digital ghost, Kuyda tried feeding text messages and emails that Mazurenko exchanged with her, and other friends and family members, into the same basic AI architecture, a Google-built neural network that uses statistics to find patterns in text, images, or audio.

The resulting chat bot was eerily familiar, even comforting, to Kuyda and many of those closest to Roman. When word got out, Kuyda was suddenly flooded with messages from people who wanted to create a digital double of themselves or a loved one who had passed. Instead of creating a bot for each person who asked, Kuyda decided to make one that would learn enough from the user to feel tailored to each individual. The idea for Replika was born.

And there comes a paradox: People open up more easily to computers than humans.